If you enjoy a cup of tea, why not sip on the healthiest tea on the planet? Not only is green tea aromatic and flavorful but it offers incredible health benefits that can protect you from disease. Green tea originated in China and it has been widely consumed throughout Asia as a medicinal beverage. Unlike black tea, a high quality green tea is not fermented, instead it is processed quickly after harvesting, retaining the health benefits present in the leaves. It is this quick processing that also gives the tea its distinct green color.
By avoiding fermentation green tea contains higher amounts of antioxidants and polyphenols that impart it’s many health benefits. Green tea can help to:
1. Reduce your risk of cancer
Green tea is rich in powerful antioxidants that protect your cells from damage and reduce free radicals in the body— free radicals contribute to premature aging and disease.
Extremely high in polyphenols (plant compounds that have antioxidant properties) like flavonoids and catechins, green tea can offer protection from and reduce your risk of cancer. Epigallocatechin Gallate (EGCG) is the most abundant and powerful antioxidant in green tea and it can provide protection from various types of cancer. 
EGCG has been well researched and it has demonstrated the ability to induce cancer cell death. In fact studies show that green tea drinkers have a significantly reduced risk of breast cancer, prostate cancer and colorectal cancer.
2. Prevent Alzheimer’s and Parkinsons
Alzheimer’s and Parkinsons are both devastating neurodegenerative diseases. Alzheimer’s is the most common form of dementia, leading to memory loss and brain degeneration. Parkinson’s disease is a progressive, degenerative disorder of the central nervous system. It is caused by the loss of dopamine-producing brain cells.
At present there is no cure for either disease however, in lab studies green tea has shown significant protective effects against both diseases. Please note that these were conducted in test tubes and animal models but the results were extremely positive.
The catechins in green tea, specifically the catechin and antioxidant Epigallocatechin Gallate (EGCG), have been found to have potent neuroprotective effects and the ability to reduce cognitive impairments. Importantly, EGCG has been shown to cross the blood-brain barrier and protect brain neurons (in animal models). 
This means that green tea has a strong potential to improve short-term brain function and significantly reduce your risk of Alzheimer’s and Parkinsons.
3. Improve heart health
Studies clearly show that green tea drinkers have a lower risk of cardiovascular disease. The heart-healthy flavonoids found in green tea improve the function of cell linings, specifically endothelial cells. The improved blood vessel function prevents clots and clogged arteries, the leading cause of heart disease.
Flavonoids have also been shown to lower overall inflammation in the body having a positive effect on high cholesterol levels and blood pressure, further reducing the risk of heart disease.
4. Reduce your risk of type 2 diabetes
The flavonoids in green tea and the antioxidant EGCG are again responsible for powerful health benefits. Studies show that green tea exerts a positive effect on glucose metabolism and obesity. It is the powerful polyphenols and flavonoids in green tea that help to regulate glucose in the body, normalize blood sugar levels and reduce your risk of type 2 diabetes. 
Green tea is an incredibly healthy beverage that is high in antioxidants and plant compounds that can profoundly improve your health. Keep in mind that green tea does contain caffeine and some people will need to be careful with their overall caffeine consumption. It can also interfere with iron absorption so it is best to drink it in between meals.